Kingdom Hearts (キングダム ハーツ Kingudamu Hātsu) is a series of action role-playing video games developed and published by Square Enix (formerly Square). It is the result of a collaboration between Square Enix and Disney Interactive Studios and is under the direction of Tetsuya Nomura, a longtime Square character designer. Kingdom Hearts is a crossover of various Disney settings based in a universe made specifically for the series. The series has regularly featured elements from the Aladdin franchise in many of its games.
The series' plot centers on the main character Sora's search for his friends and his encounters with Disney and Square Enix characters on different worlds and save them from monsters called the Heartless. This includes the main setting of Aladdin, the kingdom of Agrabah.
The series currently consists of seven games across multiple video game consoles. Most of the games in the series have been both critically acclaimed and commercially successful, though each title has seen varying levels of success. A wide variety of related merchandise has been released along with the games, including soundtracks, figurines, companion books, novels, and manga, most of which have featured elements from Aladdin as well.
|Game||Release Date (Japan: Original)||Release Date (USA: English Adaptation)||Original Platform||Release Order|
|Kingdom Hearts||March 28, 2002 (PS2); March 14, 2013 (PS3); March 9, 2017 (PS4); February 18, 2020 (Xbox One)||September 17, 2002 (PS2); September 10, 2013 (PS3); March 28, 2017 (PS4); February 18, 2020 (Xbox One)||PlayStation 2||1st part|
|Kingdom Hearts: Chain of Memories||November 11, 2004 (GBA); March 29, 2007 (PS2), March 14, 2013 (PS3); March 9, 2017 (PS4); February 18, 2020 (Xbox One)||December 7, 2004 (GBA); December 2, 2008 (PS2), September 10, 2013 (PS3); March 28, 2017 (PS4); February 18, 2020 (Xbox One)||Game Boy Advance||2nd part|
|Kingdom Hearts II||December 22, 2005 (PS2); October 2, 2014 (PS3); March 9, 2017 (PS4); February 18, 2020 (Xbox One)||March 28, 2006 (PS2); December 2, 2014 (PS3); March 28, 2017 (PS4); February 18, 2020 (Xbox One)||PlayStation 2||3rd part|
|Kingdom Hearts 358/2 Days||May 30, 2009 (DS); March 14, 2013 (PS3); March 9, 2017 (PS4); February 18, 2020 (Xbox One)||September 29, 2009 (DS); September 10, 2013 (PS3); March 28, 2017 (PS4); February 18, 2020 (Xbox One)||Nintendo DS||4th part|
|Kingdom Hearts: Birth by Sleep||January 9, 2010 (PSP); October 2, 2014 (PS3); March 9, 2017 (PS4); February 18, 2020 (Xbox One)||September 7, 2010 (PSP); December 2, 2014 (PS3); March 28, 2017 (PS4); February 18, 2020 (Xbox One)||PSP||5th part|
|Kingdom Hearts coded||November 18, 2008-January 28, 2010 (DoCoMo); October 7, 2010 (DS), October 2, 2014 (PS3); March 9, 2017 (PS4); February 18, 2020 (Xbox One)||January 11, 2011 (DS); December 2, 2014 (PS3); March 28, 2017 (PS4); February 18, 2020 (Xbox One)||NTT DoCoMo||6th part|
|Kingdom Hearts 3D: Dream Drop Distance]||March 29, 2012 (3DS); January 12, 2017 (PS4); February 18, 2020 (Xbox One)||July 31, 2012 (3DS); January 24, 2017 (PS4); February 18, 2020 (Xbox One)||Nintendo 3DS||7th part|
|Kingdom Hearts χ||July 18, 2013 (PC)||n/a||PC||n/a|
|Kingdom Hearts Unchained χ||September 3, 2015 (iOS)/(Android)||April 7, 2016 (iOS)/(Android)||iOS, Android||8th part|
|Kingdom Hearts HD II.8 Final Chapter Prologue||January 12, 2017 (PS4); February 18, 2020 (Xbox One)||January 24, 2017 (PS4); February 18, 2020 (Xbox One)||PS4||9th part|
|Kingdom Hearts Union χ||March 23 2017 (iOS/Android)||April 6 2017 (iOS/Android)||iOS, Android||10th part|
|Kingdom Hearts III||January 25, 2019 (PS4)/(Xbox One)||January 29, 2019 (PS4)/(Xbox One)||PS4, Xbox One||11th part|
The homeworld of the Aladdin franchise is simply referred to as Agrabah and is mostly comprised of the city itself (whose size tends to vary between games), Aladdin's Hovel, a small section of desert, the Cave of Wonders and an abandoned ruined city in the desert. Despite its prominent appearance in the games, the Sultan's Palace is never made accessible, only briefly seen in the manga and mobile games, and its dungeon is only seen in Kingdom Hearts II which can only be accessed via cheat devices.
In Kingdom Hearts, the game's story in Agrabah loosely follows the events of the first Aladdin film with many changes, such as Gazeem being replaced with one of the game's enemies, Aladdin never wishing to become a prince, Aladdin and Jasmine never becoming formally engaged, Genie leaving to join up with Sora rather than go on vacation, Jafar never wishing to become sultan or the most powerful sorcerer nor transforming into a cobra, Jasmine being kidnapped, among many other things.
In Kingdom Hearts II, the game's story in Agrabah loosely follows the events of the second Aladdin film, The Return of Jafar, but with even more changes, such as Abis Mal being replaced with the Peddler, Jafar acting freely despite not being freed, however Iago still turns good and becomes part of Aladdin's extended family. The ruined city in this game bears a strong similarity to the ruined city from the 1994 comics where Aladdin also had to reach the top of an ominous tower which was instead guarded by a giant spider while in the game it was guarded by Heartless. The ruins could also be a nod to the ancient city in Nasira's Revenge.
The mobile games also follow the events of the first film a bit more closely despite not aligning with their own first game due to some peculiar time travel explanation that tries to pass it off some sort of pseudo-illusion. Gazeem however is still replaced, this time by the player character and his feline companion.
Despite Hercules and the Arabian Night and characters like Mechanicles showing that the worlds of the Aladdin and Hercules franchises can be set in the same world, Kingdom Hearts portrays them as two separate worlds.
- Magic Carpet
- Cave of Wonders
- The Sultan (manga and mobile games only)
- Razoul (mobile games only)
- Hakim (mobile games only)
The game's enemies mostly consists of shadowy monsters called "The Heartless", which come in many varieties and themes based on the world they appear in. As such, there are Heartless whose appearance and theme revolve around Agrabah and varieties that can only exclusively be found there.
- Fat Bandit
- Pot Spider
- Pot Scorpion
- Pot Centipede
- Luna Bandit
- Cannoned Camel
- Kurt Zisa
- Wily Bandit
- Blizzard Lord and Volcanic Lord
- Fiery Globe and Icy Cube
Aside from these, in Kingdom Hearts II the Cave of Wonders features living Stone Guardians summoned by the Shiva-Monkey which must be appeased.
- The Heartless enemies known as Kurt Zisa and Antlion both bear some passing similarity to the machine monsters created by Mechanicles and Machana, being robotic with bronze plating and possessing much of the same color scheme as their creations, and Antlion is even an insectoid machine much like Mechanicles' creations.